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:: Volume 30, Issue 136 (3-2012) ::
JHRE 2012, 30(136): 17-32 Back to browse issues page
Study on Influence of Climate on Architecture and Texture of Zavvareh
Yousef Gorji * , Zeinab Mossapour , Zahra Taherkhani , Sholeh Javadiyan
Abstract:   (19030 Views)
Maybe one of the most effective factors in urban designing is climate. As it can be seen in the warp and weft of the city texture and even in different buildings and interior architectural elements in various space. In Iran, architectural fabrications of structures and cities in the “hot and dry clime” is one of the most distinctive and evident appearances of effectiveness of climate in formation of town and it's buildings. The most exquisite and artistic Iranian design can be seen in this climes. In this article, Zavvareh city which is located in the border of desert has been selected as a clarified and magnificent case of this type of climate and try to study the influence of one by one of the climatic factors in all parts of this ancient town. Consequently, this starts from general principles to minutiae in architecture and designing, express whole subject cases relevant to climatic designing in this town. For instance, influence of wind on city textures’ general direction and circumstance of positive utilization from desert winds in order to direct fresh and cool climate to indoors, force of dust in forming city texture and establishing buildings together or styles of designing their minutiae, effect of sunshine in various seasons on building’s plans, impressiveness of aboriginal materials such as soil and adobe in indoors’ temperature and even constructing some buildings appropriate for this clime, such as ice-houses and cisterns. Purpose of this paper to understand the reasons of using all this type of architectural factors in designing of this town’s buildings. Therefore, we tried to discover the inmost mystery of this desert heaven by entering in the cities’ texture, stepping among its narrow alleys and touching cryptic sense in the midst of the town and by utilizing written themes in this groundwork.
Keywords: Climate, Zavvareh, City Texture, Climatic Design, Hot and Dry Climatic, Architecture Design
Full-Text [PDF 2637 kb]   (1 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/03/12 | Accepted: 2014/07/8 | Published: 2014/07/8
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Gorji Y, Mossapour Z, Taherkhani Z, Javadiyan S. Study on Influence of Climate on Architecture and Texture of Zavvareh. JHRE. 2012; 30 (136) :17-32
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Volume 30, Issue 136 (3-2012) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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