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:: Volume 39, Issue 172 (2-2021) ::
JHRE 2021, 39(172): 106-119 Back to browse issues page
Typology of Tarmeh in the Historic city of Bushehr
Azam Hedayat, Parastoo Eshrati *
School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran , eshrati@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (337 Views)
In the Architecture of Iran, the vernacular architecture of Bushehr’s historic city is distinctive since it is both introverted and extroverted and has different semi-open interior and exterior spaces. Tarameh is one of these semi-open spaces. Using a qualitative research method, conducting desk and field studies and reviewing the technical documents of the historic buildings of Bushehr, this paper collected the information of historic buildings of this city that has Tarameh to study their typology. According to the study of 29 buildings, it was revealed that Taramehs fall into three categories based on their location in the building. These types include exterior, middle, and interior, among which interior is the most widely used. Moreover, Taramehs are either enclosed on three sides, two sides, or one side. Interior Taramehs are mostly enclosed on two sides, exterior ones are enclosed on three sides, and all middle Taramehs are enclosed on two sides. In terms of shape, Taramehs of Bushehr are of four types, including linear (rectangular, trapezoidal and irregular), L-shaped, U-shaped and four-sided, among which rectangular linear is the most prevailing type. Moreover, it was revealed that most Taramehs are southward and westward, and at least one Tarameh is seaward in the buildings that are along the coast. In the end, according to the typology of Taramehs based on their location in the building, enclosure, type of plan, and whether they are roofed or not, this research provides a modified and complete definition of Bushehr’s Taramehs.
Tarmeh, Historic fabric of Bushehr, Semi-open spaces, Vernacular architecture, Architectural typology.
Keywords: Tarmeh, Historic quarter of Bushehr Port, Semi-open Space, Vernacular Architecture, Typology
Full-Text [PDF 613 kb]   (90 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: معماری
Received: 2020/03/10 | Accepted: 2021/03/16 | Published: 2021/03/16
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Hedayat A, Eshrati P. Typology of Tarmeh in the Historic city of Bushehr. JHRE. 2021; 39 (172) :106-119
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-1982-en.html

Volume 39, Issue 172 (2-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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