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:: Volume 31, Issue 139 (1-2013) ::
JHRE 2013, 31(139): 3-16 Back to browse issues page
A Review on Public Participation in Reconstruction of Bam
Abstract:   (7862 Views)

  In the very early hours of 26th December 2003, a devastating and strong earthquake with a magnitude of 6.5 on Richter scale struck Bam, one of the historical cities of Kerman province in the south of Iran. According to the official reports, more than 30,000 people were killed and about 25,000 injured. More than 80% of buildings were also destroyed.

  After the disaster, Bam’s reconstruction management process confronted a lot of challenges and faced many fundamental questions. The number of human losses and related social issues, extensive destruction of the historical town, and also the lack of enough experience in reconstruction of a city or town made the reconstruction project of Bam more complicated.



The essay tries to explain public participation in Bam reconstruction procedure. The research has been carried out based on descriptive- analytical method. Subsequent data has been collected from related documents of reconstruction and initial data has been gathered by field survey. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was used to check questionnaires accuracy. The coefficient obtained was about 0.98% . The result shows that Bam reconstruction has been carried out based on a model that emphasize on identity and resistance. This model tried to attract public participation in debris removal, housing units design and provision of construction materials. The participation in debris removal and designing was more successful than other domains.

  Although Bam reconstruction model prepared a suitable context for participation but it could not present a real one. Ideal participation is achievable if it is executed with capacity building and empowerment.

Keywords: Participation, Reconstruction management, reconstruction policy, Bam
Full-Text [PDF 560 kb]   (1 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: عمران و شهرسازی
Received: 2012/12/23 | Accepted: 2014/07/8 | Published: 2014/07/8
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A Review on Public Participation in Reconstruction of Bam. JHRE. 2013; 31 (139) :3-16
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-476-en.html

Volume 31, Issue 139 (1-2013) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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