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:: Volume 35, Issue 154 (9-2016) ::
JHRE 2016, 35(154): 17-28 Back to browse issues page
Identification of Effective Variables on Sociability in Housing
Hossein Bagheri *
Shahid Rajaee University , h_bagheri@alumnimail.iust.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2874 Views)

The environment can be an effective factor in inducing positive social behavior, and the residential environment is no exception to this rule. This research aims to identify the effective variables on sociability in housing projects. With reference to the importance of variables in the outcome, the main aim of the research is prioritizing effective elements. While adopting a qualitative method of enquiry, the Delphi technique has been used to collect the opinions of experts about the priority of criteria. The data were collected with questionnaires. Initially and through a literature review, several factors that are strongly related to design field (Architecture, Urban Design, and Residential Spaces) were identified. The questionnaires were consecutively sent to 25 experts. 18 key experts answered the survey forms. Their responses were analyzed for the purpose of identifying major criteria. Following revisions as a result of the comments received from the first round, the participants were asked to repeat the assessment in the second round. A t-test was used to determine whether or not the experts’ opinions on the first and second round were consistant. The results of the research showed that the final set of variables grouped into 5 categories: (1) physical factors; (2) semantic factors; (3) contextual factors; (4) activity factors; and (5) personal factors. Physical factors consisted of functional distance, functional centrality, flexibility and adaptability, functional propinquity, space geography, housing type, human relation with nature, material, and so on. Semantic factors were spiritual experience and place. Contextual factors consisted of neighborhood, services and safety. Activity factors were life style, time and process. Personal factors consisted of privacy and interaction, age, gender, education, occupation type and need to help. We used Shannon’s entropy to determine the importance weights of variables. Physical factors were the most important attribute and activity factors were the least important one. The physical factors of housing have a significant role in increasing sociability. The analysis of the results of the research proved the theory that built environment impacts behavior. This would provide a wealth of data that could be used for future research.

Keywords: Sociability, Housing, Flexibility, Delphi technique, Physical variables
Full-Text [PDF 445 kb]   (2055 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: معماری
Received: 2014/07/22 | Accepted: 2015/05/17 | Published: 2016/09/17
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bagheri H. Identification of Effective Variables on Sociability in Housing. JHRE. 2016; 35 (154) :17-28
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-878-en.html

Volume 35, Issue 154 (9-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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