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:: Volume 41, Issue 180 (3-2023) ::
JHRE 2023, 41(180): 143-157 Back to browse issues page
An analysis on the level of health in residential areas of Kashan
Mahdieh Amirabadi farahani *, Mehdi Hamzehnejad, Alimohammad Ranjbar kermani
Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran , mafarahani7@gmail.com
Abstract:   (327 Views)
This research is conducted to answer the question, what are the factors affecting the health of urban residential areas based on traditional medicine? and it also answers these questions, whether the residential areas of Kashan are consistent with the criteria emphasized by traditional medicine? Which urban areas of Kashan are suitable for choosing the location of health-oriented housing? The aim of this research is to determine the health level of residential areas in Kashan city based on the knowledge of the climatic, natural, and artificial environment, relying on the results of traditional medicine documentation and also to provide an example of the method of applied studies on an urban scale to achieve health-oriented residential areas. The research is case study in the city of Kashan, which was done with a descriptive and analytical method. According to the findings, traditional medicine for the location selection of urban residential areas, knowledge of factors such as climate including latitude, altitude, winds, land type, mines, natural waters, and how to organize buildings to adapt to the climate (as natural and artificial substrate) and considers the characteristics of the city's residents necessary. To determine the health level of residential areas, first, the climatic conditions, natural and artificial effects of the city, and the healthiness of the air should be checked, and then the efficiency of the structure of residential blocks should be evaluated and solutions for improving the health of the residence should be proposed. The most important environmental factors that reduce the health level of residential areas of Kashan are hot and dry air in hot seasons, the fine dust in spring and summer, pollutants in autumn and winter, and the extroverted structure and the one-way openness of residential blocks. The health-oriented solutions of residential areas are: adapting the structure of urban passages to the passage of surface water, tilting of residential blocks based on taking advantage of the health-oriented conditions of wind and sun, the centrality of open space in the structure of the block and the elevation of residential blocks to reduce external openings and immunity from dry and polluted air. The results of the analysis show that the highest level of health in the city of Kashan, based on the sum of physical factors in architecture and urban planning, is in the traditional context and gardens of Dasht Fin, and the lowest level is in the southeastern context of the city. In general, the level of health in the architecture and urban planning of Kashan is medium to healthy.
Keywords: traditional medicine, healthy city, healthy architecture, house, Kashan.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: سکونتگاههای شهری و روستایی
Received: 2021/07/31 | Accepted: 2023/02/8 | Published: 2023/03/15
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amirabadi farahani M, hamzehnejad M, ranjbar kermani A. An analysis on the level of health in residential areas of Kashan. JHRE 2023; 41 (180) :143-157
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-2234-en.html

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Volume 41, Issue 180 (3-2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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