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:: Volume 40, Issue 175 (12-2021) ::
JHRE 2021, 40(175): 3-18 Back to browse issues page
Achieving the Rural Housing Design Model; Case study: Tazareh Village in Damghan
Sajede Kharabati , Parvane Shirazi
Faculty of Architectural and Urban Engineering, Shahroud University of Technology, Shahroud, Iran , S.kharabati@shahroodut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (823 Views)
In terms of functionality and being responsive to human needs, the rural architecture of Iran forms a homogeneous complex with a specific physical identity derived from the concept of habitation and lifestyle in the village. With the advent of technology in rural life and changes in social and economic structure, the pattern of rural housing architecture has faced change and transformation, and today most rural houses are not adapted to climatic and biological conditions and rural lifestyle. Meanwhile, vernacular and authentic rural architecture has sustainable values that can be used​​ after being identified and analyzed as a suitable design model for modern rural housing. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to achieve a design model for rural housing. This applied research uses a descriptive-analytical method. To this end, after studying the library resources in rural housing, first, factors affecting the formation of rural housing have been identified and then have been explored in the village of Tazareh in Damghan through field studies. The results show that in Tazareh village, economic factors and family livelihood affect the area and number of micro-spaces of the yard, and entrance, and the barn space has provided the possibility of the flexibility of rural housing over time. Moreover, social and cultural factors also affect the façade’s form, the entrance hierarchy, the location of the mass in relation to the yard and the number of households living in a house. Environmental factors of Tazareh village also affect the orientation of the mass, the formation of the stepped mass and yard, the number and the width of openings, the number of floors, the zoning of spaces and the type of materials. Next, five main models of housing of Tazareh village are introduced and then the physical-functional characteristics in the micro-spaces and architectural components of these models are analyzed. Finally, by analyzing the main old architectural models of Tazareh village, a model has been extracted in the form of a physical-functional framework based on the climate and the socio-economic system of the villagers which can be used for contemporary housing design.
 
Keywords: Housing design model, rural housing, Tazareh village in Damghan.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: سکونتگاههای شهری و روستایی
Received: 2021/07/21 | Accepted: 2021/12/21 | Published: 2021/12/21
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Kharabati S, Shirazi P. Achieving the Rural Housing Design Model; Case study: Tazareh Village in Damghan. JHRE. 2021; 40 (175) :3-18
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-2229-en.html


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Volume 40, Issue 175 (12-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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