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:: Volume 39, Issue 172 (2-2021) ::
JHRE 2021, 39(172): 47-60 Back to browse issues page
The Importance of Mahramiat in the Traditional Houses of Iran based on the Islamic Teachings regarding Territory and Privacy
Moradinasab Hossein *
Department of Architecture, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran , moradinasab_h@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (100 Views)
One of the most important concepts reflecting the principles and values ​​of Islam is Mahramiat, which is especially evident in the traditional housing of Iran. However, it seems that the principle of Mahramiat, as one of the qualities of human-environment in Islamic architecture and urban planning in traditional housing, while having commonalities with the equivalent concepts considered for Mahramiat by Western experts, namely territory and privacy, has fundamental differences with these concepts. The purpose of this study is to explain the concept of Mahramiat in relation to privacy and territory in the traditional housing of Iran based on the Islamic teachings. To explain the problem, this research has used a mixed research method of content analysis with logical reasoning. Data collection has been done through documentary and desk studies, and the research method is descriptive-analytical. The paper first reviews the ideas and definitions of Mahramiat in the views of Western experts, and then examines its components in the physical aspect of traditional houses based on the Islamic teachings (Holy Quran and hadiths). In conclusion, in addition to presenting the research model, the research findings revealed the following: Firstly, Mahramiat in the material field is the embodiment of architectural spaces by using the elements of the entrance system of traditional houses in a way that is in line with the concept of territory in this field; secondly, secrecy in the psychological and behavioral spheres is synonymous with intimacy with the other, which in this area is consistent with the concept of privacy in traditional housing in courtyards, halls, balconies, tanabis (a type of hall), and 3-door and 5-door rooms. however, in the semantic field, the concept of mahramiat in traditional housing creates a context of introversion with the hierarchical order of the entrance system, and establishes a spatial zoning in private homes and corners. it lays the foundation for the presence and peace of the heart to create the spiritual excellence of man.
 
 
Keywords: mahramiat, privacy, territory, traditional houses.
Full-Text [PDF 631 kb]   (40 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: معماری
Received: 2020/03/28 | Accepted: 2021/03/16 | Published: 2021/03/16
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Hossein M. The Importance of Mahramiat in the Traditional Houses of Iran based on the Islamic Teachings regarding Territory and Privacy. JHRE. 2021; 39 (172) :47-60
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-1987-en.html


Volume 39, Issue 172 (2-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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