Adverse effects of vagrancy and homelessness due to unexpected disasters in different countries, as well as Iran, led to search for fast and adequate ways of settlement in emergencies and temporary conditions which is an important stage of reconstruction after disaster. Although, temporary shelter is a short period of living for survivors and injured people, usually about few months till completion of permanent housing. Also emergency shelter is in the shorter period, as we should be concerned about the quality of victim's life in this period. Considering the quality of space as basic for life, and upgrading its quality, especially for disaster victims, whom have caught pains and hurts of disaster, which needs special attention in reconstruction architecture.
From this perspective, the temporary and emergency spaces have to be designed in such a way that to protect people in different conditions, such as, heat, cold, wind and rain, as well as guaranteeing their comfort. From this point of view to improve conditions of settlement during all times, Reconstruction Architecture consider to be as a special concession in successful reconstruction.
This article is trying to examine and introduce different aspects of paper, including building technological
characteristics, its experiences and method of usage in disaster victims Settlements. The First part is an introduction to explore, the need to use new materials for temporary and emergency shelter such as paper, its characteristics and method of production.
Second part, considers experiences of using paper in building and architecture with
successful examples in this field. Third part will examine the use of paper in building during disasters and its global experiences in types of temporary buildings which have been designed and executed in reconstruction after disaster. Finally concluding with abilities of using paper in building and its future perspective in the role which is going to play in architecture.