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:: Volume 38, Issue 166 (9-2019) ::
JHRE 2019, 38(166): 3-18 Back to browse issues page
Vernacular Criteria of Arrangement of the Site of Rural House of Guilan
Mojgan Khakpour *
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Art, university of Guilan , khakpour@guilan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1176 Views)
The vernacular body of the villages of Guilan, with its entanglement of paths, houses and agricultural fields, reveals the dispersed texture. The residential unit, side buildings and service spaces of the house are arranged erratically in the midst of relatively large areas.
The enclosed fences are integrated with vegetation and trees and appear to be unconfirmed in a vague of being connected or disconnected.
But is it possible to find unwritten rules behind this erratic appearance? And what are the factors that determine the elements of the residential area in the villages of Guilan?
This research is descriptive, with a look at the natural features of the southern Caspian Sea region, to analyze its human environments based on field studies. This research has been carried out in the structuralism paradigm.
In this paper clime refers to economic and livelihood activities, the culture and social interactions of residents in house and elements of the rural residential area.
The findings of this research indicate that the natural characteristics of the region including geographic and climatic features in all types of villages of Guilan seem to have the greatest impact on the texture and the arrangement of the elements of the rural residential area.
This factor causes the characteristics of economic activities and livelihoods, social interactions and cultural features, as well as the formation of criteria of rural residential units.
Furthermore, due to geographical features, regional potentialities and economic activities, it is possible to use materials for construction, which is an important factor in choosing the patterns of structures and technology used in vernacular architecture and is one of the variables influencing the formation of the house and its site.
As said before, the clime-based characteristics represent the dispersed context of the rural physical structure based on the aggregation of residential components, and the house-farm and the house-garden. But the effect of cultural attributes on the arrangement of the elements of the residential site has the greatest impact.
So Final choices for the pattern of settlement in this area and the criteria of the rural residential area resulting therefrom, based on the dominant culture of the villages of Guilan, and most of the clime-based choices correspond with the culture of the people.
People living in the villages of Guilan province, based on their cultural backgrounds, have chosen different ways for daily activities, whether from an economic or social perspective.
The Socio-economic way of life is one of the most important factors in the difference of style of housing. Following this, it has shaped the housing and residential site pattern make it distinct from the other parts of Iran.
In Guilan, the residential area is not only apparently in direct contact with the passageways, but also in the mental structure of the people, the relationship between the house and the passageway is comprehended differently.
People's perception of life is not limited to the private spaces of house. In this regard, the transparent fences of the area are considered.
Therefore, considering the summary of the criteria of the arrangement of residential site components in Guilan, it is observed that most of the criteria are influenced by socio-cultural activities and features. Human acts on the beliefs embodied in him in the social context, and on the other hand, these beliefs are so rooted in him that sometimes it is impossible to violate it.
Keywords: vernacular house of Guilan, arrangement of spaces, criteria of architecture, rural architecture
Full-Text [PDF 5522 kb]   (597 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: سکونتگاههای شهری و روستایی
Received: 2019/05/22 | Accepted: 2019/08/26 | Published: 2019/09/1
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Khakpour M. Vernacular Criteria of Arrangement of the Site of Rural House of Guilan. JHRE. 2019; 38 (166) :3-18
URL: http://jhre.ir/article-1-1877-en.html

Volume 38, Issue 166 (9-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مسکن و محیط روستا Journal of Housing and Rural Environment
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