The dominance of modern architecture in past decades Along with growing dimensions of urbanization recently, has led to face new challenges in the field of the residence and in order to respond to these growing needs, quality is replaced with quantity. In these circumstances, dwelling that is not only the continuity of the space or place, but also is the basic activity of human beings, has decayed into raising buildings and physical criteria of localities in the neighborhood. Nowadays, dwelling is just an indicator of a human behavior among a set of others and an incidental. Working in the city, living in the suburbs, travel, house building here and there, today is nothing more than a takeover. Consequently, modern era -the time of takeover and acquisition- is called the period of "statelessness". In the 60s and 70s of the twentieth century, a number of architects with the knowledge of the problems there, opposed this trend and each one suggested theories mentioning the need for the restatement of the physical, social and psychological aspects of “Living environment ". To determine the human's living space, the recognition of the " Living environment " and the meaning of this concept could be useful, so this paper has been examined the content of the documents and resources to Reevaluate the components of " Change all the “home environment” into “living environment”". Ultimately, Majmar neighbourhood has been selected as a case study of the present research where has a high level of satisfaction in research done between neighbourhoods in Isfahan so the issue of research can be stated in terms of the following questions:
- According to different views and theories in relation to the concept of "Home Environment" What are its components?
- How are the Components of "Home Environment" in the context of Majmar neighbourhood?
Documentary research method and content analysis have been used in this paper. First the specialists' views have been examined and tried to explain the conceptual dimensions of "Home Environment" and compile it in the form of a conceptual model. In this study, the components of "Home environment" planned based on social, psychological and philosophical approaches, and each has an objective and subjective- objective aspects. The objective-individual aspect of it, referred to the nature of a place that is called the Genius Luci and character of a place and refers to the atmosphere of a place and could be received by non-residents. When subjective-objective-individual aspect of Home Environment realized that a place is experienced unconsciously. In this case, the person will be rooted in the place and it is familiar to him. Objective-collective aspect of Home Environment called Social Interaction, that means having social relationships based on mutual assistance in emergency and critical situation which is called neighbourhoods. Subjective-objective-collective aspect of Home Environment is Social Identity that tends to interpret the home environment as a "statement" of identity expressed through a shared symbolic language. Finally, the concept of “Sense of belonging” is associated with positive feelings about a Home Environment and consists of four components: Place Identity, Place Dependence, Place Affective and Place Social Bonding. One is purely subjective (such as Place Affective) and some are subjective-objective (such as Place Dependence˃ Place Social Bonding˃ Place Identity). More, the conceptual model formulated in the previous step is the basis of assessment of Majmar neighbourhood in Isfahan as a Change all the “case study research” into “research case study”. The results of the content analysis of the interviews indicate that between components of Home Environment, "Place Dependence" and "Identity" have the most references, and "Social Identity" and "Place Social Bonding" have the least references, between resident interviews, respectively. The results indicate that in Majmar neighbourhood of Isfahan, the objective-subjective aspects in personal level and the subjective aspects in collective level play most important role.
Keywords: Place, Home Environment, Majmar Neighbourhood.