The village has long been a place in which groups of people have gathered together for cooperation in economic, social, cultural and political fields and the basis of the social life of the country. Rural development with a participatory approach has played a fundamental role in the comprehensive development of rural communities. This role by providing public facilities to improve the living conditions of the villagers and their participation can be achieved. Given that NGOs are one of the main means of development in any society, and participation is a key factor in creating sustainable economic activities in any society, Therefore, the role of NGOs is better in terms of environmental factors and strategies for the development of any society will have to adapt. In regard to public participation in the process of rural development and its risk factors in rural areas of the country, various researches has been done But less to the issue of structural factors influencing participation and its relationship with the conductor in the process of implementation of rural habitations have been investigated. Considering that the rural guide's plan is a plan that, while organizing and modifying existing texture, the extent and location of future expansion and how land uses for various functions such as residential, Production, commercial, agriculture, facilities and equipment and rural general needs are determined, as appropriate, in the form of approvals of rural and rural housing planning schemes or comprehensive regional plans. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of structural-institutional factors affecting the participation of villagers in the process of implementing rural drafts. The present research seeks to explore structural-institutional factors such as: the government's attitude toward participation, the role of the media in participation, the role of public organizations, etc., which affects the participation of villagers in the process of implementing rural-led projects. The explanation of the process of implementation of the rural constituent plan was obtained from four sub-variables of rural housing, rural pedestrian network, distribution of land use and land use, and the environment of the village, each of which was defined by the terms. The research method is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of method, descriptive-analytical and correlation. The statistical population in this research is 25 villages located in the suburbs of Hamadan, where a conductor plan has been implemented and 10 villages were selected by sampling method. In the studied villages, 200 rural households were selected by Cochran sampling method and questionnaires were selected by random sampling. Based on the Pearson Quark Quark test, the coefficients for the variables related to the structural factors affecting the participation of villagers in the level of 99% have been evaluated. The findings of the research indicate that the villagers assessed the role of NGOs in participation in rural environments, the availability of NGOs and organizations for participation, the attendance of organizations and formal and informal institutions, and the participation of villagers in meetings The council or other civil institutions have responded modestly. In contrast, they believe that the amount of training and extension courses held in the village has been low. Also, the results of Pearson correlation tests show that there is a significant and relatively significant correlation with the coefficient of 0/488 between structural-institutional factors affecting participation and the process of implementation of rural conducting projects, so that the structural-institutional factors affecting participation Accounts for about 25% of dependent variable variations and Among structural factors, institutional, non-governmental organizations to participate in the creation of 26.5 percent on the implementation process has been guided plans. n spatial distribution, there is a direct correlation between the structural-institutional factors affecting participation and the implementation of conducting plans in six villages. Therefore, it can be said that the results of this study are consistent with previous studies in this field. The most important suggested solutions to improve the participation of villagers in the process of implementation of rural guide plans and achieve further success in this regard are:
Social awareness about the works and functions of institutions and organizations is low and, on the other hand, popular organizations in the region are few for modeling, so teaching and introducing the positive effects and experiences of different countries and successful people's organizations is essential. This can be effective in rural development by publishing publications for villages by different organizations in the field of their work.
Conducting workshops on familiarizing with the process of preparing, implementing and maintaining rural leadership plans and how villagers participate in it, along with institutional and legal capacity building to facilitate and increase their public participation.